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Updated May 2006

Introductory reading

Collier, Paul (2001). Implications of ethnic diversity. Economic Policy, April, 32, 127-55.

Easterly, William and Levine, Ross (1997). Africa’s growth tragedy: policies and ethnic divisions. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 112, November, 1203-1250.

Further reading

Alesina, Alberto, et al (2003). Fractionalization. Journal of Economic Growth, June, 8(2), 155-94.

Arcand, Jean-Louis et al. (2000). How to Make a Tragedy: On the Alleged Effect of Ethnicity on Growth. Journal of International Trade and Development, October, 12(7), 925-38.

Collier, Paul (2000). Ethnicity, Politics and Economic Performance. Economics and Politics, November, 12(3), 225-45.

Collier, Paul and Hoeffler, Anke (1998). On Economic Causes of Civil War. Oxford Economic Papers. October, 50(4), 563-73.

Fearon, James D. (2003). Ethnic and Cultural Diversity by Country. Journal of Economic Growth, June, 8(2), 195-222.

Horowitz, D. L. (1985). Ethnic groups in conflict. University of California Press, Berkeley.

Leis, P. E. (1995). Ethnic conflict, history, and state formation in Africa. In C. Goldscheider (ed.) Population, ethnicity, and nation-building. Westview Press, Oxford.

Lian, Brad and Oneal, John R. (1997). Cultural diversity and economic development: a cross-national study of 98 countries, 1960-85. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 46(1), October, 61-77.

Montalvo, Jose G. and Reynal Querol, Marta (2003). Religious Polarization and Economic Development. Economics Letters, August, 80(2), 201-10.

Temple, Jonathan (1998). Initial conditions, social capital, and growth in Africa. Journal of African Economies, 7(3), 309-347.

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